Ozark Encyclopedia – J – Jimsonweed

Jimsonweed - Datura stramonium ***CAUTION! Poisonous!*** Parts used: flower, leaf Traditional uses: Poisonous. Poultice of wilted leaves used on boils and fresh wounds. Smoked for asthma. Poultice of decoction of leaves mash applied to the chest for pneumonia. Compound poultice with crushed seeds rubbed on sore throat. “Antispasmodic, anodyne and narcotic. Its properties are virtually... Continue Reading →

Ozark Encyclopedia – H – Horsemint

Horsemint - Monarda bradburiana (often several of the Monarda genus) Parts used: leaf, flower Traditional uses: Infusion used for colds, chills, as a febrifuge, and for bowel complaints. Can be used externally in oils and salves for dermatological needs. Used in many of the same ways as Monarda fistulosa. For stomach cramps and bellyache –... Continue Reading →

Ozark Encyclopedia – H – Horehound

Horehound - Marrubium vulgare Parts used: leaf, flower Traditional uses: Infusion of whole plant used for flushing the kidneys. Taken for colds. Mixed with sugar to make cough syrup. Decoction of leaves used for coughs. “White Horehound has long been noted for its efficacy in lung troubles and coughs…Preparations of Horehound are still largely used... Continue Reading →

Ozark Encyclopedia – H – Hickory

Hickory - Carya  Parts used: leaf, stem, nuts Traditional uses: Leaves can be used for headaches and poultices. Bark can be used to help treat arthritis. The sap of the shagbark hickory is used like sugar or maple syrup. Pegging for malaria, chills, fever, etc. - “To cure malaria, chills, fever, and ague all you... Continue Reading →

Ozark Encyclopedia – G – Goldenseal

Goldenseal - Hydrastis canadensis Parts used: root Traditional uses: Infusion used as wash for local inflammations and skin complaints. Generally alterative, anti-catarrhal, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, astringent, bitter tonic, laxative, anti-diabetic and muscular stimulant. “The action is tonic, laxative, alterative and detergent. It is a valuable remedy in the disordered conditions of the digestion and has a... Continue Reading →

Ozark Encyclopedia – G – Ginseng

Ginseng - Panax quinquefolius Parts used: root Traditional uses: Root used for headache, colic, colds, as an expectorant. Chewed for thrush. Decoction used for palsy and vertigo. Poultice applied to wounds and bleeding cuts. Decoction used as a febrifuge. General tonic. “In China, both varieties are used particularly for dyspepsia, vomiting and nervous disorders. A... Continue Reading →

Ozark Encyclopedia – G – Garlic

Garlic - Alium sativum Parts used: bulb Traditional uses: “Diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant, stimulant. Many marvellous effects and healing powers have been ascribed to Garlic. It possesses stimulant and stomachic properties in addition to its other virtues. As an antiseptic, its use has long been recognized. In the late war it was widely employed in the... Continue Reading →

Ozark Encyclopedia – F – Flax

Flax Seed - Linum usitatissimum Parts used: seed Traditional uses: “Emollient, demulcent, pectoral. The crushed seeds or linseed meal make a very useful poultice, either alone or with mustard. In ulceration and superficial or deep-seated inflammation a linseed poultice allays irritation and pain and promotes suppuration…Linseed is largely employed as an addition to cough medicines.... Continue Reading →

Ozark Encyclopedia – E – Elderberry

Elderberry, Elder - Sambucus nigra, S. canadensis Parts used: bark, leaf, flower, berry Traditional uses: Berries used in formulas against chills and cold. Helps support the immune system. Infusion of berry used internally for rheumatism. Flower infusion used as a febrifuge and to sweat out a cold. Leaf infusion used to wash sores and prevent... Continue Reading →

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