Cucumber Tree – Magnolia acuminata

Parts used: root, bark

Traditional uses: Infusion of bark taken for stomachache or cramps. Infusion of bark used for toothache.

“A mild diaphoretic, tonic, and aromatic stimulant. It is used in rheumatism and malaria and is contra-indicated in inflammatory symptoms. In the Alleghany districts the cones are steeped in spirits to make a tonic tincture. A warm infusion is laxative and sudorific, a cold one being antiperiodic and mildly tonic.” ~Grieve MH 

Spicebush and cucumber tree for dropsy – “Spice bush tea…and cucumber tree…bark are good for dropsey.” ~Parler FBA II 2074

For rheumatism – “Cucumber tree…tea cures rheumatism.” ~Parler FBA III 2976

“Cucumber tree…bark boiled makes a syrup, when put into a bottle let set, add whiskey, then drink along for rheumatism.” ~Parler FBA III 2977


Grieve, Margaret A Modern Herbal (MH)

Moerman, Daniel E. Native American Ethnobotany (NAE)

Parler, Mary Celestia Folk Beliefs from Arkansas (FBA)