Had a nice little hike around Lake Fayetteville today.
1 and 2 are Jewelweed, WalEú uniglEgistí “hummingbird, taking soup out of the flower” or Agi’ka’igá “fawn’s knees”. Fresh sap is great for bug bites, nettle stings, and poison ivy.
3 is False Solomon’s Seal, Maianthemum racemosum. The young shoots and leaves can be cooked and eaten be cautious, this is a powerful laxative and can be fatal if not used properly.
4 is Christmas Fern, Yana Utsestá “bear lies on it”. Root decoction drunk to produce vomiting, and also used to rub on the skin, after scratching, for rheumatism—in both cases some other plant is added to the decoction; the warm decoction is also held in the mouth to relieve toothache.
5 is Common Dittany, Cunila origanoides. Can be used for colds, headache, and boiled strong to break a fever. Will make you sweat.
6 is either a Missouri Coneflower, Rudbeckia missouriensis, or a Black-Eyed Susan, Rudbeckia hirta, I can never tell. Both are called A’hawí Akátá “deer’s eyes” in Cherokee. Roots can be used for colds, mostly as a tincture. Related to Echinacea purpurea so it can be used much in the same way.
7 is a snack I found on the trail.
Some medicinals not shown here, but that I was able to gather, include Mullein (Tsaliyu’stí), Selfheal (Ganigwiliskí), Sassafras (Ganstadzá/Kan?statsí) and Mountain Mint (Gows’agí/Gow’agí/Gawasagí).